In Saudi-Arabien ist das Verschleiern von Frauen in der Öffentlichkeit Pflicht. Dies geschieht in der Regel mit einer Abaya oder einem Hidschab. Erst im März . Nov. Frauen werden in Saudi-Arabien seit Jahrzehnten als Menschen zweiter Klasse behandelt. In dem erzkonservativen Königreich war ihnen. Juni Bei Fahrschulen und Kfz-Ämtern in Saudi-Arabien meldet sich seit einigen Wochen eine völlig neue Kundschaft: Frauen, die den Führerschein.
Das Internet wird durch die staatliche Internet Service Unit effektiv gefiltert. Er wurde nach acht Tagen ohne Anklageerhebung wieder freigelassen. Philippinen , Kenia inhaftiert und manchmal auch hingerichtet werden.
September mit Vorbehalten gegen Art. Inzwischen ist es zwar Pflicht, dass jede Frau einen Personal- bzw.
Reiseausweis besitzt, aber eine Frau darf das Land ohne Genehmigung durch ihren Vormund nicht verlassen. Ab der Ehe ist der Ehemann der Vormund.
Prostitution oder analer Geschlechtsverkehr. Inzwischen ist im Bildungssektor die Liberalisierung so weit vorangeschritten, dass die Mehrheit der Studenten Frauen sind.
Bis dahin wurden solche Einrichtungen nur von privaten Besitzern angeboten. Diese erlaubt es, das Haar unbedeckt zu lassen.
Homosexuelle Handlungen stehen in Saudi-Arabien unter Strafe. So brachte das Innenministerium am Aber auch radikale Islamisten wurden in der Vergangenheit des Landes verwiesen.
Demonstrationen sind verboten, es herrscht ein generelles Versammlungsverbot. In diesem Zusammenhang wurden mehrere Personen festgenommen. Einige Demonstranten wurden verhaftet.
Es gibt keine legalen politischen Parteien. Trotzdem gibt es in Saudi-Arabien vier nennenswerte Parteien, die im Untergrund arbeiten und strafrechtlich verfolgt werden:.
Sie treten jedoch weder als Reformbewegung noch als Partei auf. Obwohl ihre Vorstellungen von der Staatsreligion abweichen und es Meinungsverschiedenheiten gibt, werden sie von der saudischen Regierung weitestgehend in Ruhe gelassen.
Ministerposten werden meist von Familienmitgliedern der Saud besetzt. The image in the West is that we are dominated by men, but they always forget the aspect of love.
The petition defended the status quo and requested punishment for activists demanding "equality between men and women, [and] mingling between men and women in mixed environments.
Liberal activists reject guardianship, loving or not, as demeaning to women. They object to being treated like "subordinates" and "children.
The kindness comes from pity, from lack of respect. The ownership of a woman is passed from one man to another. Ownership of the woman is passed from the father or the brother to another man, the husband.
The woman is merely a piece of merchandise, which is passed over to someone else—her guardian Ultimately, I think women are greatly feared.
When I compare the Saudi man with other Arab men, I can say that the Saudi is the only man who could not compete with the woman.
He could not compete, so what did he do with her? The woman has capabilities. When women study, they compete with the men for jobs.
All jobs are open to men. You do not feel any competition If you do not face competition from the Saudi woman All positions and jobs are reserved for you.
Therefore, you are a spoiled and self-indulged man. The absurdity of the guardianship system, according to Huwaider, is shown by what would happen if she tried to remarry: Officially, it maintains that international agreements are applied in the courts.
International organizations and NGOs are skeptical. It was announced in May that King Salman had passed an order allowing women to obtain government services such as education and health care without the need of permission from a guardian.
Male guardianship is closely related to namus or " sharaf " in a Bedouin context , roughly translated as "honor. The namus of a male includes the protection of the females in his family.
Namus is a common feature of many different patriarchal societies. Since the namus of a male guardian is affected by that of the women under his care, he is expected to control their behavior.
If their honor is lost, in the eyes of the community he has lost control of them. Threats to chastity , in particular, are threats to the namus of the male guardian.
Namus is associated with honor killing. If a man loses namus because of a woman in his family, he may attempt to cleanse his honor by punishing her.
In extreme cases, the punishment can be death. In , a young woman was murdered by her father for chatting with a man on Facebook.
The case attracted a lot of media attention. Conservatives called for the government to ban Facebook, because it incites lust and causes social strife by encouraging gender mingling.
A hijab is a traditional Islamic norm whereby women are required "to draw their outer garments around them when they go out or are among men " and dress in a modest manner.
Among non-mahram men, women must cover the parts of the body that are awrah not meant to be exposed. In Saudi Arabia and some other Arab states, all of the body is considered awrah except the hands and eyes.
Accordingly, most women are expected to wear the hijab head covering , a full black cloak called an abaya, and a face-veil called niqab.
Many historians and Islamic scholars hold that the custom, if not requirement, of the veil predates Islam in parts of the region.
They argue that the Quran was interpreted to require the veil as part of adapting it to tribal traditions. It is supposed to be thick, opaque, and loose.
It should not resemble the clothing of men or non-Muslims. The strictness of the dress code varies by region. In Jeddah, for example, many women go out with their faces uncovered; Riyadh however, is more conservative.
Some shops sell designer abayas that have elements such as flared sleeves or a tighter form. Fashionable abayas come in colors other than black, and may be decorated with patterns and glitter.
According to one designer, abayas are "no longer just abayas. Although the dress code is often regarded in the West as a highly visible symbol of oppression, Saudi women place the dress code low on the list of priorities for reform or leave it off entirely.
She calls the niqab "trivial": People lose sight of the bigger issues like jobs and education. And by freeing Saudi women, the West really means they want us to be just like them, running around in short skirts, nightclubbing and abandoning our religion and culture.
Some women say they want to wear a veil also known as Burqa or Niqab - hijab is not a veil. They cite Islamic piety, pride in family traditions, and less sexual harassment from male colleagues.
For many women, the dress code is a part of the right to modesty that Islam guarantees women. Some also perceive attempts at reform as anti-Islamic intrusion by Westerners.
Faiza al-Obaidi, a biology professor, said: In , a woman became the first female anchor to appear on Saudi state television without a headscarf.
In , a woman was arrested for appearing in a viral video dressed in a short skirt and halter top walking around an ancient fort in Ushayqir.
She was released following an international outcry. Although she did not wear a crop top and short skirt, she was still arrested. Sexual segregation which keeps wives, sisters and daughters from contact with stranger men, follows from the extreme concern for female purity and family honour.
Social events are largely predicated on the separation of men and women; the mixing of non-kin men and women at parties or the like is extremely rare and limited to some of the modernist Western-educated families.
Most Saudi homes have one entrance for men and another for women. For non-related males to enter the female sections of a Saudi home is a violation of family honour.
Private space is associated with women while the public space, such as the living room, is reserved for men. Traditional house designs also use high walls, compartmentalized inner rooms, and curtains to protect the family and particularly women from the public.
Moreover, sex segregation is expected in public. In restaurants, banks and other public places in Saudi Arabia, women are required to enter and exit through special doors.
Non-mahram women and men must minimize social interaction. Companies traditionally have been expected to create all-female areas if they hire women.
Public transportation is segregated. Public places such as beaches and amusement parks are also segregated, sometimes by time, so that men and women attend at different hours.
Segregation is particularly strict in restaurants, since eating requires removal of the veil. Most restaurants in Saudi Arabia have "family" and "bachelor" sections, the latter for unmarried men or men without a family to accompany.
Women or men with their families have to sit in the family section. In the families section, diners are usually seated in separate rooms or behind screens and curtains.
Waiters are expected to give time for women to cover up before entering, although this practice is not always followed. Restaurants typically bar entrance to women who come without their husbands or mahram, although if they are allowed in, it will be to the family section.
Women are barred from waitressing, except at a few women-only restaurants. Western companies often enforce Saudi religious regulations in restaurants, which has prompted some Western activists to criticise those companies.
Exceptions to segregation rules sometimes include hospitals, medical colleges, and banks. The number of mixed-gender workplaces has increased since King Abdullah was crowned, although they are still not common.
As a practical matter, gender mixing is fairly common in parts of daily life. Women customarily take taxis driven by men.
Many households have maids, who mix with the unrelated men of the households. The opening of the first co-educational university in caused a debate over segregation.
A prominent cleric argued that segregation cannot be grounded in Sharia. He suggested those who advocate it are hypocrites: Mixing was part of normal life for the Ummah Muslim world and its societies Those who prohibit the mixing of the genders actually live it in their real lives, which is an objectionable contradiction as every fair-minded Muslim should follow Shariah judgments without excess or negligence.
In many Muslim houses—even those of Muslims who say mixing is haram forbidden —you can find female servants working around unrelated males.
In Khamisa Mohammad Sawadi, a year-old woman, was sentenced to 40 lashes and imprisonment for allowing a man to deliver bread to her directly in her home.
Sawadi, a non-citizen, was deported. In , a clerical adviser to the Royal court and Ministry of Justice issued a fatwa suggesting that women should provide breast milk to their employed drivers thereby making them relatives a concept known as Rada.
The fatwa was ridiculed by women campaigners. As part of its reform drive, the kingdom lifted the prohibition of women entering sports stadiums.
Women were previously barred by rules of segregation in public. The women were segregated from the male-only sections, and were seated in the "family section".
There are certain limitations to women doing business in the KSA. Although now able to drive motor vehicles, women are still required to have men swear for them in a court of law.
As real estate investor Loulwa al-Saidan complained,. For me to go to any government agency or to the court to buy or sell property, as a woman I am obligated to bring two men as witnesses to testify to my identity, and four male witnesses to testify that the first two are credible witnesses, and actually know me.
Where is any woman going to find six men to go with her to the court?! According to the International Labour Organization , Saudi women constitute When foreign expatriate workers are included in the total, the percentage of working Saudi women drops further to 6.
Employment for women has a number of restrictions under Saudi law and culture. According to the Saudi Labor Minister Dr. Ghazi Al-Qusaibi speaking in Women are allowed to work only in capacities in which they can serve women exclusively; there must be no contact or interaction with the opposite gender.
Most working women, however, out of necessity and practicality travel to work without a male relative and are alone with a driver. Almost all of these women had college and graduate degrees, and were employed either in schools, where men were not permitted to teach girls; or in hospitals, because conservative families prefer that female doctors and nurse treat their wives, sisters, and daughters.
The banks employ women exclusively for every position except for the guards posted at the door to see that no men enter by mistake.
While the Labor Minister Al-Qusaibi stressed the need for women to stay at home he also stated that "there is no option but to start [finding] jobs for the millions of women" in Saudi Arabia.
Many Saudi women also disliked discussing the subject of their undergarments with male shop clerks. The decrees came at "the height of the Arab Spring " and were "widely interpreted" by activists as an attempt to preempt "pro-democracy protests.
In November , religious police signed a letter stating that female employment was causing such a drastic increase in instances of ikhtilat , that "their job was becoming impossible.
When women do work jobs also held by men, they often find it difficult to break into full-time work with employee benefits like allowances, health insurance and social security.
According to a report in the Saudi Gazette , an employer told a female reporter that her health insurance coverage did not include care for childbirth, but that of a male employee included such coverage for his wife.
Saudi women are now seen developing professional careers as doctors, teachers and even business leaders, a process described by in by ABC News as "painfully slow.
Saudi Arabia opened some non-combat military jobs to women in February Allowing women to have greater visibility both in the armed forces and in other sectors not only promises to help diversify the economy, but could also help shift popular gender perceptions more broadly.
The quality of education is lower for females than males. Curricula and textbooks are updated less frequently, and teachers tend to be less qualified.
At the higher levels, males have better research facilities. Public education in Saudi Arabia is sex-segregated at all levels, and in general females and males do not attend the same school.
Religious belief about gender roles and the perception that education is more relevant for men has resulted in fewer educational opportunities for women.
Traditionally, women have been excluded from studying engineering, pharmacy , architecture, and law. Saudi women can also study any subject they wish while abroad.
Women are encouraged to study for service industries or social sciences. Education, medicine, public administration, natural sciences, social sciences, and Islamic studies are deemed appropriate for women.
Women attend classes with men, drive on campus, and are not required to veil themselves. Classes are taught in English. The opening of the university caused public debate.
Al-Ghamdi said that hadith , the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad, makes no references to gender segregation, and mixing is therefore permitted under Sharia.
There were many calls for and rumors of his dismissal. Technology is a central part of higher education for women. Since there are few female lecturers, some universities use videoconferencing to have male professors teach female students without face-to-face contact.
The drop-out rate of girls increases around puberty, as they drop out of school upon marriage. Saudi Arabia was one of the few countries in the Olympics without a female delegation—although female athletes do exist.
In June , the Saudi Arabian Embassy in London announced that female athletes would compete in the Olympics in in London, England for the first time.
In , the Saudi government sanctioned sports for girls in private schools for the first time. In their article, "Saudi Arabia to let women into sports stadiums," Emanuella Grinberg and Jonny Hallam explain how the conservative Saudi adhere to the strictest interpretation of Sunni in the world.
Under their guardianship system, women can not travel or play sports without permission from their male guardians. Some of these strict rules in Saudi Arabia have started to change.
The Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman allowed women in every part of Saudi society to practice and ask for their rights.
They were seated in a specific section for families. Women must show the signed permission from a mahram close male relative—husband, son, father, uncle or grandson before she is free to travel, even inside Saudi Arabia.
Many of the laws controlling women apply to citizens of other countries who are relatives of Saudi men. Foreign-citizen women married to Saudi men, adult foreign-citizen women who are the unmarried daughters of Saudi fathers, and foreign-citizen boys under the age of 21 with a Saudi father.
In , Saudi women were first allowed to ride bicycles, although only around parks and other "recreational areas.
Until June , women were not allowed to drive in Saudi Arabia, the only country in the world at the time with such a restriction. Saudi Arabia has had no written ban on women driving, but Saudi law requires citizens to use a locally issued license while in the country.
Such licenses had not been issued to women, making it effectively illegal for women to drive. Critics rejected the ban on driving on the grounds that: On 6 November , 47 Saudi women, with valid licenses issued in other countries, drove the streets of Riyadh in protest of the ban on Saudi women drivers.
The women were suspended from jobs, had their passports confiscated, and were told not to speak to the press.
About a year after the protest, they returned to work and recovered their passports, but they were kept under surveillance and passed over for promotions.
In , advocates for the right of women to drive in Saudi Arabia collected about 1, signatures, hoping to persuade King Abdullah to lift the ban, but they were unsuccessful.
King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia said that he thought women would drive when the society was ready for it: I believe strongly in the rights of women.
My mother is a woman. My sister is a woman. My daughter is a woman. My wife is a woman. I believe the day will come when women will drive.
In fact if you look at the areas of Saudi Arabia, the desert, and in the rural areas, you will find that women do drive.
The issue will require patience. In time I believe that it will be possible. I believe that patience is a virtue. And I hope that every woman that remains fighting for her rights receives them soon.
In September , a woman from Jeddah was sentenced to ten lashes by whip for driving a car. Previously when women were found driving they would normally be questioned and let go after they signed a pledge not to drive again.
Women are generally discouraged from using public transport. It is technically forbidden, but unenforced, for women to take taxis or hire private drivers, as it results in khalwa illegal mixing with a non- mahram man.
Where it is allowed, they must use a separate entrance and sit in a back section reserved for women;  however, the bus companies with the widest coverage in Riyadh and Jeddah do not allow women at all.
In early , the government began considering a proposal to create a nationwide women-only bus system. Starting in , ride-hailing company Careem started business in Saudi Arabia, with Uber arriving in the country in Women account for four-fifths of passengers for these ride-hailing companies.
The Saudi government has also supported these initiatives as a means of reducing unemployment and in its Vision initiative, has invested equity in both companies.
Ride-hailing has improved mobility for women and also promoted employment participation among them with its improved transport flexibility.
Saudi Arabia is a monarchy, with a Consultative Assembly shura of lawmakers appointed by the king. Prior to a September announcement by King Abdullah only men 30 years of age and older could serve as lawmakers.
According to his September announcement, women can now be appointed to the Consultative Assembly. In three women were named as deputy chairpersons of three committees.
They campaigned for the right to do so in the municipal elections, attempting unsuccessfully to register as voters.
Women are allowed to hold position on boards of chambers of commerce. In , two women were elected to the board of the Jeddah Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
In court, the testimony of one man equals that of two women. Female parties to court proceedings generally must deputize male relatives to speak on their behalf.
At age 1, Saudi men are issued identity cards they were required to carry at all times. Women had to produce two male relations to confirm their identity.
In , a small number of ID cards were issued for women who had the permission of their mahram. The cards were issued to the mahram, not the women, and explained by the government as a way to fight forgery and fraud.
In , women were allowed to enter hotels and furnished apartments without their mahram if they had their national identification cards.
Women do not need male permission to apply for the card, but do need it to travel abroad. However, the marriage contract is officially between the husband-to-be and the father of the bride-to-be.
Neither a man nor a woman can marry a non-Saudi citizen without official permission. Polygamy is legal in Saudi Arabia however it is believed to be in decline, especially in young people.
Domestic abuse in Saudi Arabia started to receive public attention in after a popular television presenter, Rania al-Baz , was severely beaten by her husband, and photographs of her "bruised and swollen face" were published in the press.
Violence against women and children in the home was traditionally not seen as a criminal matter in Saudi Arabia until That year the Prime Minister also ordered the government to draft a national strategy to deal with domestic violence.
In August , the Saudi cabinet approved a law making domestic violence a criminal offense for the first time. The law criminalizes psychological and sexual abuse , as well as physical abuse.
It also includes a provision obliging employees to report instances of abuse in the workplace to their employer. There are no laws defining the minimum age for marriage in Saudi Arabia.
Most religious authorities have justified the marriage of girls as young as nine and boys as young as fifteen.
It also negatively affects their health as they are at greater risk of dying from causes related to pregnancy and childbirth. A news report documented the case of Shareefa, an abandoned child-bride.
Shareefa was married to an year-old man when she was Her husband divorced her a few months after the marriage without her knowledge, and abandoned her at the age of The mother is attempting legal action, arguing that "Shareefa is now 21, she has lost more than 10 years of her life, her chance for an education, a decent marriage and normal life.
Who is going to take responsibility for what she has gone through? Female genital cutting is reported as rare, possibly occurring among minorities such as African immigrants.
In the Directorate General of Passports allowed Saudi women married to foreigners to sponsor their children, so that the children can have residency permits iqamas with their mothers named as the sponsors.
Iqamas also grant children the right to work in the private sector in Saudi Arabia while on the sponsorship of their mothers, and allow mothers to bring their children living abroad back to Saudi Arabia if they have no criminal records.
Foreign men married to Saudi women were also granted the right to work in the private sector while on the sponsorship of their wives on condition that the title on their iqamas should be written as "husband of a Saudi wife" and that they should have valid passports enabling them to return to their homes at any time.
Legally, children belong to their father, who has sole guardianship. If a divorce takes place, women may be granted custody of their young children until they reach the age of seven.
Older children are often awarded to the father or the paternal grandparents. Women cannot confer citizenship to children born to a non-Saudi Arabian father.
The inheritance share of women in Saudi is generally smaller than that to which men are entitled. The Quran states that daughters should inherit half as much as sons.
Under Sharia law, generally enforced by the government, the courts will punish a rapist with anything from flogging to execution.
As there is no penal code in Saudi Arabia, there is no written law which specifically criminalizes rape or prescribes its punishment.
There is no prohibition against spousal or statutory rape. Migrant women, often working as domestic helpers, represent a particularly vulnerable group and their living conditions are sometimes slave-like and include physical oppression and rape.
In some cases, victims of sexual assault are punished for khalwa, being alone with an unrelated male, prior to the assault.
In the Qatif rape case , an year-old victim of kidnapping and gang rape was sentenced by a Saudi court to six months in prison and 90 lashes.
She was also punished for trying to influence the court through the media. According to Human Rights Watch, one of the rapists filmed the assault with his mobile phone but the judges refused to allow it as evidence.
The United Nations criticized social attitudes and the system of male guardianship, which deter women from reporting crimes.
The UN report argued that women are prevented from escaping abusive environments because of their lack of legal and economic independence.
They are further oppressed, according to the UN, by practices surrounding divorce and child custody, the absence of a law criminalizing violence against women, and inconsistencies in the application of laws and procedures.
The case prompted Egyptian-American journalist Mona Eltahawy to comment "What kind of God would punish a woman for rape? That is a question that Muslims must ask of Saudi Arabia because unless we challenge the determinedly anti-women teachings of Islam in Saudi Arabia, that kingdom will always get a free pass.
In , the Saudi Gazette reported that a year-old unmarried woman was sentenced to one year in prison and lashes for adultery.
She had been gang-raped, become pregnant, and tried unsuccessfully to abort the fetus. The flogging was postponed until after the delivery.
In , the Islamic Revolution in Iran led to a resurgence of fundamentalism in many parts of the Islamic world.
Fundamentalists sought to repel Westernization, and governments sought to defend themselves against revolution. In Saudi Arabia, fundamentalists occupied the Grand Mosque Masjid al-Haram and demanded a more conservative Islamic state, including "an end of education of women.
Newspapers were discouraged from publishing images of women; the Interior Ministry discouraged women from employment, including expatriates.
Scholarships for women to study abroad were declined. Wearing the abaya in public became mandatory. In contrast, the 11 September attacks against the United States precipitated a reaction against ultra-conservative Islamic sentiment; fifteen of the nineteen hijackers in the September 11 attacks came from Saudi Arabia.
Since then, the mutaween have become less active, and reformists have been appointed to key government posts. The government says it has withdrawn support from schools deemed extremist, and moderated school textbooks.
The government under King Abdullah was regarded as moderately progressive. Gender segregation was relaxed, but remained the norm.
Critics described the reform as far too slow, and often more symbolic than substantive. Conservative clerics have successfully rebuffed attempts to outlaw child marriage.
The few female government officials have had minimal power. Norah Al-Faiz, the first female cabinet member, will not appear without her veil, appear on television without permission, or talk to male colleagues except by videoconferencing.
It ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women , with the proviso that the convention could not override Islamic law.
However, government officials told the United Nations that there is no contradiction with Islam. The degree of compliance between government commitments and practice is disputed.
A report by the UN questioned whether any international law ratified by the government has ever been applied inside Saudi Arabia.
Some of the female advisors appointed around — to parliament shurah stated that slow reform is effective.
Nora Alyousif, "The Saudi leadership is working hard on reform and supporting women Seventy years ago we were completely isolated from the world.
The changes which are taking place are unmistakable, and we have finally started opening up. Maha Almuneef said, "There are small steps now.
There are giant steps coming. But most Saudis have been taught the traditional ways. She was the first woman to address a mixed-gender business audience in Saudi Arabia, speaking at the Jeddah Economic Forum in She used the occasion to advocate for economic equality: My vision is of a country with a prosperous and diversified economy in which any Saudi citizen, irrespective of gender who is serious about finding employment, can find a job in the field for which he or she is best qualified, leading to a thriving middle class and in which all Saudi citizens, residents or visitors to the country feel safe and can live in an atmosphere where mutual respect and tolerance exist among all, regardless of their social class, religion or gender.
It is highly punishable. Mixing of men and women is a reason for greater decadence and adultery. Wajeha al-Huwaider is often described as the most radical and prominent feminist activist in Saudi Arabia.
She described the goals of the organization: Among the issues that have been raised, and that are of the utmost importance, are:
Saudi Arabische Frauen VideoFrauen am Steuer in Saudi-Arabien - Weltspiegel Familie an Heiligabend Lieber Papa, liebe Mama, entspannt euch bitte: Saudi-Arabien kündigt Bruch mit Iran an. So lag das Haushaltsdefizit bei 23,4 Mrd. Oder kann jeder Kindergarten machen, was er möchte? Weibliche Familienangehörige nicht-islamischer Expatriierter oder andere Besucherinnen des Königreichs müssen den Dfb-pokal finale 2019 mit einer schwarzen Kutte verhüllen, können die Haare jedoch unverhüllt lassen. Bedeutung bvb und Premierminister Salman ibn Abd al-Aziz. Im Dezember durften Frauen erstmals an einer Wahl teilnehmen. Von den Millionen, die an saudische Hilfsorganisationen gespendet werden, sollen auch ein Teil in den Irak und nach Südostasien zu sunnitischen Widerstandsgruppen gehen. Die Bildungserwartung der aktuellen Generation beträgt bereits 16,1 Jahre. Ich habe sehr viel Blut verloren. Der Jahresbericht der Organisation Amnesty International  listet unter anderem die folgenden Tatbestände auf:. Juni gab Saudi-Arabien erstmals Führerscheine an Frauen aus: Die Reformen erfolgten, ohne dass die Begriffe von Demokratie und Rechtsstaat im politischen Diskurs Saudi-Arabiens anzutreffen gewesen wären. Parteien, Opposition, Streiks und Gewerkschaften sind vom König offiziell verboten. Da zum Tod Verurteilte begnadigt werden können, wenn alle Mitglieder einer Opferfamilie ihnen verziehen haben, warten sie oft jahrzehntelang im Gefängnis, bis zur Tatzeit minderjährige Opferangehörige volljährig sind und entscheiden können. Das Land steht damit im Verdacht, weltweit sunnitischen Extremismus zu exportieren.
It os true sir,Saudi Arabia might be one of the countries where women still have to go the longest way to obtain at least roughly equal rights like men.
But I respect religious people and their way of life as long as they do the same reversed and respect me and my life style, too Good example for this kind of mutual tolerance: Thanks for the article Hijab was obliged before Saudi women.
But now it has become wiser. I am afraid that before rape, there was a lot of rape in Saudi but now there is the possibility of rape going out.
Again, this may not be the case because their punishment for rape is death penalty. I think prince royal Mohammad bin Salman did not doing goosd Hejab is necessory for women Although rights of women are good driving and doing job are good but in some points of views its not so good I am against prince royal Mohammad bin Salman due to some steps that he take.
Taxs on other people that are there for work from other countries Allow to job for women , and ation against army officers also many more that i am not remember now.
We can not force for any thing and basic human rights are necessory for every one and human rights are good. Saudi Arabia is finally noticing the prosperity and happiness that accompanies democracy and affording women basic human rights.
But of course there is still a long way to go to reach freedom and equality. Then we are of different opinions: I think that it is the personal decision of every woman to decide what she likes to wear and what not.
Why should anybody else than herself decide that? This been my point ever since. Muslim women should have the choice to cover or not to cover.
Every human being should get the same rights including how to dress properly. In my opinion, Arab women themselves know more about the clothes that they should use according to their religious teachings.
I agree about government regulations that allow women to drive cars, because that is not a problem in modern times as it is today. Women can also work in the office, including in the future become government leaders.
If based on good intentions and strong systems, of course every rule will also be a good outcome for the community. Thus, every government decision on its people must be carried out public test first.
Right, and in additon nobody can force them to be religious at all Not every person is religious Of course I respect religious people, who at the same time should accept and respect that not everybody shares their believes.
Amazing jaki01 , indeed the girls saudi Arabia really beautiful and full of charm with her hijab. I understand if in an Islamic country like Saudi Arabia wearing a headscarf or covering the head is a duty in Islam.
From the outside I also see women who wear the hijab will be more awake than men who want to disturb him. Outwardly I can say that wearing a headscarf will be more valuable than a woman who does not wear a hijab or sexy outfit.
I give an example of a piece of cake that is covered not easily exposed to dust ibanding with open cakes because it is very risky exposed to pollution.
I think every person thus every woman as well just should decide herself what she likes to wear and what not.
Then everybody should be happy. Why should I for example care which clothes another person is wearing? I should think about my own clothes And this is the big evidence that women are powerful.
I think that all men and women should be treated equally. They should be given rights to choose their own paths and everything whether it be driving a car or anything.
I think it should be the free decision of every individual how to dress They should had done it way before. They are mothers, sisters, wife.
Good to see they are getting what belong to. Finally he knew an take best action. Your single line will, however, makes me think on the value of these changes to the individual making it a truly "honorable battle" but not less idiotic that it still is something that exists.
I realize I have now lumped basic human rights with the more pedestrian issues you see on SJW posts but to an extent I find they share the same source.
I hope you can understand me. Due to hijab, they made lots of troubles. Hope this is a good step towards freedom of regionalism.
An indeed a very positive development. The picture of the situation then was pretty grim. Who knew that 9 years later we will see some signs of liberalisation?
Its really a effective decision for saudi arab govt Hope that Women will be allowed to drive a car soon Thanks for informative article jaki Very nice photography and very good information mam jaki Please follow and upvote me.
It is a little step but that means at least some small progress in my opinion Or would you still force them to wear it?
What a world we are living in nowadays, haha I just never understood why you would want to cover the beauty of women. It is like buying a priceless painting and throwing a tarp over it.
Right, I see it the same way If a woman really wants to wear stuff like that, who am I to forbid it? Most important is that nobody is forced to wear a hijab or a headscarf Do it if it is your choice it should never be forced on someone.
Every single step towards modernization matters. Authors get paid when people like you upvote their post. Trending Trending Votes Age Reputation.
A small step in the fight for equality, a huge step for every woman in Saudi Arabia! Mein lieber Jaki, wie definierst du weltoffene Muslime??
Zu denken geben sollten uns die folgenden zwei Zitate: Ich traf mal einen gepflegt aussehenden perfekt deutsch sprechenden Moslem am Rande einer Moscheebauinfoveranstaltung.
Von Beruf war er glaub ich Ingenieur. Meine Fragen an ihn: Hier gilt das Grundgesetz! Und obendrein auch noch importiert werden. Great news for those women in Saudi Arabia!
Sehr informativer Post, dank Dir! Das sehe ich genauso! Unser Land hat auch keine strikte Trennung von Staat und Kirche. Vermutlich sehe ich das ganze aber einfach ein wenig zu negativ!
Mir fallen da mehrere ein aber ja,unter andere Wieso steckst du mich mit anderen in eine Schublade? Mal sehen wie ernst er das meint!? Thank you for the information jaki01 I will read it soon.
Success is the sum of small efforts repeated day after day. That is amazing post. For your post propagation. This is great work by prince Mohammad bin Salman towards equality in gender.
Would you like to tell me more about the not so good steps he made? Your women need the concession of your men to get free. This is amazing,infact great news for women.
Beauty is to be appreciated, and if it is hidden, it is not beautiful. But is good expressing your feelings. I wrote it in English and German K, now i see.
I really like this news. Thanks for the update and seems like some women will have the free will. Of course they have! Then you will notice it. Well I am not!
Thank you for writing it in English. Hello jaki01 , Due to hijab, they made lots of troubles. For many reasons, non-Muslims are not permitted to enter the holy cities although some Western non-Muslims have been able to enter, disguised as Muslims.
The large number of foreign workers living in Saudi Arabia 8 million expatations out of a total population of 27 million  includes non-Muslims.
For non-Sunni Muslims, non-Muslims, and non-religious, "freedom of religion is neither recognized nor protected under the law" and Saudi "government policies continued to place severe restrictions on religious freedom", according to the International Religious Freedom Report of the US State Department.
According to Human Rights Watch, the Shia Muslim minority face systematic discrimination from the Saudi Arabian government in education, the justice system and especially religious freedom.
As no faith other than Islam is permitted to be practiced, no churches, temples, or other non-Muslim houses of worship are permitted in the country although there are nearly a million Christians as well as Hindus and Buddhists—nearly all foreign workers—in Saudi Arabia.
Proselytizing by non-Muslims is illegal,  and conversion by Muslims to another religion apostasy carries the death penalty, although there have been no confirmed reports of executions for apostasy in recent years.
Once fault is determined, a Muslim receives all of the amount of compensation determined, a Jew or Christian half, and all others a sixteenth.
According to scholar Bernard Lewis , the Saudi Arabian policy of excluding non-Muslim from permanent residence in the Arabian peninsula is a continuation of an old and widely accepted Muslim policy:.
But the decree was final and irreversible, and from then until now the holy land of the Hijaz has been forbidden territory for non-Muslims.
In the rest of the kingdom, non-Muslims, while admitted as temporary visitors, were not permitted to establish residence or practice their religion.
While Saudi Arabia does allow non-Muslims to live in Saudi Arabia to work, they may not practice religion publicly. According to the government of the United Kingdom:.
The public practice of any form of religion other than Islam is illegal; as is an intention to convert others. However, the Saudi Arabian authorities accept the private practice of religions other than Islam, and you can bring a Bible into the country as long as it is for your personal use.
Importing larger quantities than this can carry severe penalties. Estimates of the number of Christians in Saudi Arabia include 1,, Memri.
It states that they are being "denied pastoral care Catechism for their children — nearly , — is banned. George [Joshua] had just celebrated mass in a private house when seven religious policemen muttawa broke into the house together with two ordinary policemen.
The police arrested the priest and another person. According to the Middle East editor of The Economist magazine, Nicolas Pelham, the kingdom contains "perhaps the largest and fastest-growing Christian community in the Middle East" and strict religious laws -- such as banning Christians from Mecca and Medina -- are not always enforced: Though Christians are forbidden from worshiping publicly, congregations at weekly prayer meetings on foreign compounds can be several hundred strong.
In , it was reported that the religious police had stopped enforcing the ban on Christians religious services anywhere in the Kingdom whether publicly or privately, and for the first time, a "documented Christian service" was openly conducted.
As of , there were an estimated 1,, Indian nationals in Saudi Arabia,  most of them Muslims, but some Hindus. Like other non-Muslim religions, Hindus are not permitted to worship publicly in Saudi Arabia.
There have also been some complaints of destruction of Hindu religious items by Saudi Arabian authorities.
Disbelief in God is a capital offense in the kingdom. Article 1 of the law also conflated atheism and religious dissent, outlawing "calling for atheist thought in any form, or calling into question the fundamentals of the Islamic religion on which this country is based".
According to "anecdotal, but persistent" evidence, since sometime around , the number of atheists in the kingdom has been growing.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Freedom of religion in Saudi Arabia. Islam in Saudi Arabia. Christianity in Saudi Arabia.
Irreligion in Saudi Arabia. US Department of State. Retrieved 22 September Retrieved 26 April Retrieved February 3, Freedom of Religion and Belief: Retrieved 20 MayKing wonders why there is nothing like the Sullivan Principles for gender-based discrimination. One of the students who took part in the poll commented: The government says it has withdrawn support casino games online free play craps schools deemed extremist, and moderated school textbooks. It also includes a provision obliging employees to report instances of abuse in the workplace to their employer. Women were previously forbidden from voting in all elections or being elected to any political office, but in King Abdullah let women vote in the local elections and be appointed to the Consultative Assembly. Wikinews has related news: A Comparative Study, p 93 Daniel E. Your single line will, however, makes me think on the value of these changes to the individual making it a truly "honorable battle" but not less idiotic that it still is something that exists. Middle East Quarterly Winter Migrant women, often working as domestic helpers, represent a particularly vulnerable group and their bubble soccer gelsenkirchen conditions are sometimes slave-like and include best game on high 5 casino oppression and rape. It is technically forbidden, but unenforced, for women to take taxis or hire private drivers, as deutschland wm qualifikation results in khalwa spiele kostenlos runterladen fürs handy mixing with a non- mahram man. Ministerposten werden meist von Familienmitgliedern der Deutschland spiel em 2019 besetzt.