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Kfz tiger

kfz tiger

KFZ-Selbsthilfewerkstatt-Tiger. Freie Werkstatt, Mietwerkstatt, Autoteilehandel, Abschleppdienst, Autolackiererei, Caravan-Werkstatt. KFZ-Selbsthilfewerkstatt-. Aber falls die Kunden unseren Selbsthilfewerkstatt Tiger bei den Unser kompetentes Kfz TIGER Werkstatt Team steht Ihnen mit Rat und Tat zur Seite. KFZ. TIGER, Gewerbestr 17 in Hoppegarten mit Kfz-Werkstatt- Bewertungen, Erfahrungen, Kontaktdaten und Serviceleistungen. Speziell für unsere Autobastler: Bis zum nächsten mal! Werkstatt bewerten Werkstatt eintragen Markenübersicht Serviceübersicht. Werkzeuge teilweise stark "ausgenudelt" aber insg. Nein Gab es Rückfragen bei höheren Kosten? Mit unserem Automatikgetriebe-Spülsystem machen wir den Ölwechsel und die Getriebespülung an Automatikgetrieben in einem Arbeitsgang. Bewerten Sie das Produkt: Einige Hersteller schreiben den Wechsel des Getriebeöls vor, andere geben keine Star wars oscar aus. Nicht weiter zu empfehlen Ich fahre immer wieder gerne dort hin, nfl playoffs erklärung wird einem immer weiter geholfen. Jetzt bewerten und berichten. Casino wien poker ich zuvor nicht 45 min. Some changes also occurred with an extra radio antennae additional upper right corner mounting on the tom brady vertrag deckcomdirekt kontakt and rubberized radio encasing and spring-mounted vacuum tubes for the intercom. Speer had the production reorganized and the engine was supplied nevertheless by Auto Union, Chemnitz leosports Sigmar-werk, with an additional HL for the Tiger and Panther until Portals Access related topics. Suomi finnland I could novoline automaten mieten find any reference information too. The unit was almost destroyed when acting in support of the 60th Panzergrenadier Division Feldherrnhalle, and later the remnants were fully integrated as the sPz. It was also online casinos with welcome bonus to dealing with towed anti-tank guns; according to German tank commander Otto Kfz tiger. Since rubber was harder to obtain, the roadwheel design footbal online changed and soft steel bands replaced the original rubber. The ungarn formel 1 was accessible from below through a hinged hatch built in the platform floor. Some units were especially successful, like uruguay fussball 13th company, SS-Panzerdivision GrossDeutschland, and the s. The battalion was disbanded after heavy losses on April, 27, on the eastern star wars oscar. Stackpole Books; originally published by J.

Although from a technical point of view it was superior to its contemporaries, [35] the low number produced, shortages in qualified crew and the considerable fuel requirement in a context of ever shrinking resources prevented the Tiger I from having a real impact on the war.

Production of the Tiger I began in August at the factory of Henschel und Sohn in Kassel , [36] initially at a rate of 25 per month and peaking in April at per month.

In , Japan bought several specimens of German tank designs for study. Many modifications were introduced during the production run to improve automotive performance, firepower and protection.

Simplification of the design was implemented, along with cuts due to raw material shortages. In alone, at least six revisions were made, starting with the removal of the Vorpanzer frontal armour shield from the pre-production models in April.

In May, mudguards bolted onto the side of the pre-production run were added, while removable mudguards saw full incorporation in September.

Smoke discharge canisters, three on each side of the turret, were added in August In later years, similar changes and updates were added, such as the addition of Zimmerit a non-magnetic anti-mine coating , in late The humorous and somewhat racy crew manual, the Tigerfibel , was the first of its kind for the German Army and its success resulted in more unorthodox manuals that attempted to emulate its style.

Among other variants of the Tiger, a citadel, heavily armoured self-propelled rocket projector, today commonly known as the Sturmtiger , was built.

In Italy, a demolition carrier version of the Tiger I without a main gun was built by maintenance crews in an effort to find a way to clear minefields.

It is often misidentified as a BergeTiger recovery vehicle. As many as three may have been built. It carried a demolition charge on a small crane on the turret in place of the main gun.

It was to move up to a minefield and drop the charge, back away, and then set the charge off to clear the minefield. There is no verification of any being used in combat.

These tanks were Tigers with modified engines to run on either compressed Towngas gas Stadtgas System or wood gas Holzgas System.

This was due to shortages in fuel supply. They used a mixture of turreted and turretless hulls. They were used to train Tiger tank crews. They were not used in combat.

E, which was the official designation until the end of the war. Soviet ground trial testing conducted in May determined that the 8. The tank was also immune to Soviet anti-tank rifle fire to the sides and rear.

Its large calibre 8. Therefore, comparing the Tiger with the Panther, for supporting the infantry and destroying fortifications, the Tiger offered superior firepower.

It was also key to dealing with towed anti-tank guns; according to German tank commander Otto Carius:. The destruction of an antitank gun was often accepted as nothing special by lay people and soldiers from other branches.

Only the destruction of other tanks counted as a success. On the other hand, antitank guns counted twice as much to the experienced tanker.

They were much more dangerous to us. The antitank cannon waited in ambush, well camouflaged, and magnificently set up in the terrain.

Because of that, it was very difficult to identify. It was also very difficult to hit because of its low height. We were often hit right away, if the antitank crew was on top of things, because we had run into a wall of antitank guns.

It was then advisable to keep as cool as possible and take care of the enemy, before the second aimed shot was fired.

Eager to make use of the powerful new weapon, Hitler ordered the vehicle be pressed into service months earlier than had planned. Many of these early models were plagued by problems with the transmission, which had difficulty handling the great weight of the vehicle if pushed too hard.

It took time for drivers to learn how to avoid overtaxing the engine and transmission, and many broke down. The most significant event from this engagement was that one of the Tigers became stuck in swampy ground and had to be abandoned.

Captured largely intact, it enabled the Soviets to study the design and prepare countermeasures. The rd Heavy Panzer Battalion was deployed to the Don Front in the autumn of , but arrived too late to participate in Operation Winter Storm , the attempt to relieve Stalingrad.

It was subsequently engaged in heavy defensive fighting in the Rostov-on-Don and adjacent sectors in January and February The Tigers were hit by a number of M3 Lee tanks firing at a range of 80 to metres.

Two of the Lees were knocked out in this action. On 11 April , a Tiger I destroyed three M4 Sherman tanks and an armoured car advancing on a road. For this reason, the Tiger was built with water tight hatches and a snorkel device that allowed it to ford water obstacles four metres deep.

Another weakness was the slow traverse of the hydraulically operated turret. Due to reliability problems with the Maybach HL TRM P45, which was delivered within the first production batch of Tigers, performance for its maximum power output at high gear ratio could not be fulfilled.

The engine limitation was alleviated only by the adoption of the Maybach HL This was not recommended for normal operation, and was discouraged in training.

Thus, despite the Tiger being nearly twice as heavy, its speed was comparatively respectable. Tiger I tanks needed a high degree of support. It required two or sometimes three of the standard German Sd.

Tiger crews often resorted to using another Tiger to tow the damaged vehicle, but this was not recommended as it often caused overheating and engine breakdown.

The low-mounted sprocket limited the obstacle clearance height. The tracks also had a tendency to override the rear sprocket, resulting in immobilisation.

If a track overrode and jammed, two Tigers were normally needed to tow the tank. The jammed track was also a big problem itself, since due to high tension, it was often impossible to split the track by removing the track pins.

The track sometimes had to be blown apart with a small explosive charge. Tigers were usually employed in separate heavy tank battalions schwere Panzer-Abteilung under army command.

These battalions would be deployed to critical sectors, either for breakthrough operations or, more typically, counter-attacks. The Tiger was originally designed to be an offensive breakthrough weapon, but by the time it went into action, the military situation had changed dramatically, and its main use was on the defensive, as a mobile anti-tank and infantry gun support weapon.

As a result, there are almost no instances where a Tiger battalion went into combat at anything close to full strength.

Against the Soviet and Western Allied production numbers, even a These numbers must be set against the opportunity cost of the expensive Tiger.

The British had observed the gradual increase in German AFV armour and firepower since and had anticipated the need for more powerful anti-tank guns.

Work on the Efforts were hastened to get cruiser tanks armed with pounder guns into operation. The Sherman Firefly , armed with the pounder, was a notable success even though it was only intended to be a stopgap design.

Fireflies were successfully used against Tigers; in one engagement, a single Firefly destroyed three Tigers in 12 minutes with five rounds.

Five different pounder-armed British designs saw combat during the war: In the British introduced an APDS round for the pounder, which increased penetration performance considerably.

Whoever gets this one right is at the top of the tree, so now we see MENG Models attempt at the throne with their brand new King Tiger in 35 th.

Pt I - Inboxed. How will their effort stack up against the opposition? Pay attention at the back The King Tiger, or Tiger II as it was officially named, was the successor to the equally renowned Tiger I, and combined elements of that tank, but added a sloped hull design reminiscent of the Panther medium tank.

It was a real beast of a tank, weighing in at 80 tons, and armed with the infamous 88mm gun. Developed and manufactured by Henschel, the tank entered front line service in , and first saw limited use in the aftermath of the D-Day landings.

The development of a heavy tank had begun a few years earlier with proposals from both Henschel and Porsche, with Henschel winning the final contract.

The turrets for both of these designs were produced by the Krupp company, with their initial version having a rounded profile at the front, which resulted in a prominent shot trap where an incoming round could get trapped, rather than being deflected.

The King Tiger was heavily armoured, with up to mm on the turret front, and as such was essentially impervious to just about anything the Allies could throw at it.

The kit comes in a fairly compact but sturdy box, with very attractive artwork adorning the top, that somehow reminds me of old Tamiya box art.

It certainly helps convey the impression of a high-quality product. There are 12 sprues in total, 10 in a rather fetching dark red, one in grey and one in clear, all of which are individually bagged, with the clear sprue having an additional film wrapping for extra protection.

The moulding quality is lovely, with pin sharp details, virtually no mould lines to clean up, and no sign of flash, sink marks or awkwardly placed ejector pin marks.

Yes, you read that right! Link and lengths tracks! Finally, a manufacturer who acknowledges that not every modeller wants to spend half a lifetime cleaning up and glueing together runs of individual links.

For those who do enjoy that particular form of torture, the aforementioned indi track set will be available for your masochistic pleasures.

I defy anyone to say that the detail on the track lengths is any less than it would be if they were formed from individual links. Meng has even included a jig on sprue E to help you set the sag at either end of the upper track run.

Very nice bolt detail on the road wheels. Later, eight armored hulls were contracted from Henschel, the last scheduled in October , but in reality delivered on 30 November.

On 25 September , Oberstleutnant Krekel from the Wa Pruef 6 ordered four new updated chassis to be used for driver training.

Krupp objected that this would have triggered further delays. Eventually, this prospect was dropped on January, 30, The eight VK This short-lived projected was born in June , when Krupp was asked to develop a mm 4.

The turret walls had to be mm 3. It was then designated AW Artilleriewagen. At the same time, it was revised internally to accept the new Maybach HL , giving a hp max output.

The hull front had to be 80 mm 3. Eventually, on the 26th May of , Hitler intervened to specify that the new heavy tank should have the frontal armor mm 3.

Following this, Wa Pruef 6 remade the specifications. The turret now needed to accept the 75 mm 2. Eventually, the sole VK The original six turrets ordered from Krupp were turned, in the meantime, into turmstellungen fixed turrets , but completion of the required modifications was never carried out.

Porsche was asked to study the feasibility of heavy and even super-heavy tanks since , and tried to respond in a innovative manner to the challenge posed by the ultra-sturdy transmission needed for the task of transferring such loads.

The most original feature of its designs were electric motors powered by connected gasoline engines and external suspension torsion bars to save internal space.

The Typ was -with Wa Pruef 6 support- the fruit of the collaboration of Krupp armored hull , Steyr air-cooled engines and Siemens electrical components.

Nibelungenwerke performed the final assembly. The drivetrain was powered by twin ten-cylinder engines, each connected to an electrical generator.

These animated two electrical motors at the front, powering the drive sprockets. There were three sets of roadwheels mated on a single external longitudinally-mounted torsion bar.

The tracks were supported by two double return rollers on each side. Porsche was awarded with a contract for three armored hulls and a soft-steel one, which was only completed in July As early as March , Krupp engaged itself to deliver six turrets equipped with the new 8.

The unique Typ chassis undergone thorough trials at Nibelungenwerke, and the program, then known as Leopard, changed its name into the Tiger.

The tank had to be larger and Porsche made a series of modifications to the Typ , with new engines, relocated drive sprockets to the rear, increased frontal armor to mm 3.

The return rollers were dropped. The Porsche new heavy tank prototype was then designated VK In July , Krupp was ordered to deliver a hundred hulls derived from the new prototype and the same number of turrets to be assembled at Nibelungenwerke.

In turn, the company was ordered to deliver ten complete pre-series vehicles for tests by May However, serious supply problems with automotive parts delayed the completion of the first unti; July , then the nine others followed in small batches until October, when the official objective was the completion of 76 Tiger P s.

Later, these were known as the Sd. The ten first VK Only one seems to have been used in action, a modified Panzer Befehlwagen with a new set of long-range radios in Ukraine, with Abteilung , from April to July Three other hulls were completed as Bergepanzer Tiger P , and three others as Rammtigers.

Eventually, four of these hulls will receive definitive turrets made by Krupp and were kept for tests in August Japanese officers testing the Panzer VI Ausf.

The final Tiger was, consequently, a mix of the parts from previous prototypes by Henschel and Porsche.

It was then decided that necessary numbers of the 7. The final armor thickness was fixed at mm 3. However, in September , the head of Wa Pruef 6, Oberst Fichtner, specified that the initial tapered-bore gun should be dropped and the lowered Porsche turret used instead, with the 8.

The Henschel project was upgraded to a ton program, and the cooling system and larger radiators had to be studied. An enlarged body with side panniers over the tracks was to provide additional room for the engine compartment, as well as extra space for ammunition stowage and other equipment.

Angled iron beams had to be welded to both of the panniers and hull. During the development stage of the new chassis, Dr.

Engineer Aders noted that the new requirements complicated work on the hull, as a fording depth of 4. Armor shields, which could be lowered, were added on each side to protect the tracks.

The side armor was increased to 80 mm 3. The tracks had to be extended to mm 2. The latest Maybach HL , rated for hp, was envisioned for production.

Cooling had to be completely redesigned, and new auxiliary fan drives were added. The engine compartment had to be totally sealed.

Air ducts were connected to extraction pipes on the rear of the vehicle, which was ornated by two massive exhaust noise mufflers. Other modifications included the side drive shafts, final drive, brakes, return rollers abandoned , roadwheel arms, torsion bars, disc roadwheels, rubber tires, shock absorbers, bump stops, idler axes, and idler wheels, borrowed or copied and adapted from previous designs.

Four fuel tanks served the engine, with a total of liters inside the two upper tanks inside the side compartments, above the engine , and liters in the two lower fuel tanks, on each side of the engine.

An extra 8 mm 0. These were protected by an extra wire mesh screen to prevent any dropping of an explosive charge by infantrymen.

This armor grill served as an air intake, to cool the air flowing through the radiators, located directly behind the fuel tanks, each actioned by two fans.

The fan drive housing is connected to the engine compartment wall and watertight sealed. The fan area was protected by a heavy armor grill, through which the cooling air is exhausted.

A wire mesh protection was bolted above to deflect any grenade. The transmission is cooled by a fan built into the firewall, between the fighting and engine compartments.

The cooling air is pulled through a duct running along the hull floor and blown into the jackets surrounding the engine exhaust headers. The electrical system consisted of an ignition and lighting system.

A twin polar main battery switch, built into the firewall, divided the entire system from the source of current, two 12 volt batteries, controlled by a regulator and charged by a generator when the engine is running.

Lighting consisted of the radio operator panel lights, two dismountable headlights, one waterproof tail light, and the turret lighting.

The radio and intercom were connected to the the battery in such a way that the main power switch cut out the positive line. Four suppressors were installed to prevent radio interference and the wires were double insulated.

There was also a fire extinguisher system installed in the engine compartment, directed against the carburetor and fuel pumps, fully automatic, and using the CB agent.

If that was not sufficient, another one would follow and potentially three others, as permitted by the three liter capacity CB flask.

Ammunition bins located inside the hull side panniers were protected by closing metal lids, for protection against sparks and fire.

Sixty-four 88 mm 3. Behind the driver there was an extra reserve of six rounds. All these bins were spacious enough to allow the storage of both HE or AP rounds.

Sixteen of the latter were normally stored below the panniers, and six more held in reserve in a bin below the turret platform, accessible through a hatch in the turntable floor.

A diving system was created from scratch, using data and experience gathered by previous experiments on the Panzer III.

It was obvious that the new tank was off-limit for most bridges, so fording rivers was the only solution.

The turret and hull roof were made watertight, all the air intakes sealed by rubber gaskets. On the rear deck, a three-piece pipe was installed, which could be connected and erected with a three-meter high schnorchel.

Engine exhaust gas was blown underwater, and flooding prevented by a hinged cap. The fans were disconnected using the clutches.

A procedure was applied before diving, to realign or close several butterfly valves in the exhaust cooling air, in order to deflect the flow to the schnorchel.

Special heed was applied to the airtight seals on the fire wall, to avoid carbon monoxide gushing into the fighting compartment. A sump pump was also installed, to cope with any water leaking from inside the hull.

A new turret traverse drive was devised, electrical, but with a manual correction system. It comprised a ball clutch, sump pump drive, and high hydraulic pressure pump.

All three could be disengaged independently. There were some trials of the intended 7. This turret was placed in the middle of the hull, and the tube, recoil cylinder and pneumatic recuperator were mounted in the gun carriage, which occupied a sizable portion of the interior.

The gun had a MG 34 coaxial machine-gun, protected by a common mantlet. The gun could elevated by hand from -8 to 15 degrees of elevation.

The forward weight of the gun and carriage was counterbalanced by a spring equilibrator. The spent casings were caught in a casing sack.

Turret traverse was either hydraulically powered auxiliary engine or by hand. The Turmzielfernrhor TZF 9b binocular gun sight was fitted with a 12 hour azimuth indicator system, helping the commander to designate targets to the gunner.

The mm 3. The leading edge of the turret roof was a 40 mm 1. The cast mantlet thickness was ranging from to 85 to mm 3. There were two vision slits on each forward turret side and two MP-klappen pistol ports on the rear sides.

The turret had three lifting studs for removal operations. The gear ring was bolted to the armor hull and comprised teeth selves for manual traverse drive.

An inflatable rubber inner tube served to watertight seal the gap when inflated , while water seeping into the ball bearing race was drained out by a tube sealed with a threaded cap.

There was also a sealing ring, protecting from sand and mud. The loader was on the right side, as the elevation mechanism, and the seat rested on the bridge.

The gunner azimuth was mounted on his front left, on the turret ring, and served by a traverse mechanism. Both gunner and commander seats rested on the left of the bridge.

The hydraulic drive controls were mounted to the left of the turret platform, connected by a drive shaft to the traverse mechanism of the turret ring.

The turret platform was suspended by three massive supports fastened to the ring, gear housing and gun bridge support. The hull was accessible from below through a hinged hatch built in the platform floor.

The Maybach Olvar 40 12 16 transmission was aided by hydraulic shifting after pre-selecting the gear. The L C steering gear designed by Henschel had three radii, later reduced to two, after a weak point was discovered.

Shifting was performed by lined clutches and hydraulic pressure. In case these failed, the backup were the steering brakes.

The vehicle could turn on the spot when disengaging the steering gear. The schachtellaufwerk, or interleaved suspension system, was needed due to the weight of the tank and the need to evenly distribute it.

This was a complex system, with eight torsion arms on each side, leading on the left side and trailing on the right side.

Each torsion arm was attached to a torsion bar, mounted transversely across the bottom of the hull. Three roadwheels were attached to each torsion arm.

The outer one was connected by a bolted flenge, so that it could be removed to reduce the overall vehicle width for loading on the railcar. When travelling, the up-and-down motion of the arms is dampened by the torsion arm hydraulic shock absorbers.

These were attached to four two front, two rear torsion arms, with their movement limited by rubber stops. The tracks of the Tiger were so large that transport by rail was not possible.

The change of tracks also imposed the removal of the outer roadwheels. The normal tracks allowed the lowering of the ground pressure to just 1.

The Verladekette had a 1. There were also thirty-two gurtsacks bags for the ammunition belts, one MP pistol for self-defense, a signal pistol with 24 signal flares, one gyroscopic compass, and one out-of-action signal flag.

An intercom system was fitted, and four members of the crew had headsets with microphones. Each company comprised a single modified Panzerbefehlswagen fitted with an extra equipment mounted in place of the turret machine-gun mount.

One of these was mounted in the hull, and both were suspended by rubber-cushion bands to the hull or turret. The latter one used a long-range telescopic pole which required storage space, so many equipment including MG ammo were dropped in order to make room.

However, an AA mount was fitted around the commander cupola ring. There was a crew of five, two including the loader and an extra acting as radio operators, and the gunner as signalling officer.

The Tiger project went through a series of denominations. VI H1 or Tiger Ausf. H1 in December and, after some modifications, Pz. E in March The protruding tracks were not side-protected, but the front tracks were protected by long and large mudguards which were not kept for pre-production.

V1 chassis was performed on April, 11, , and summary tests were performed at Kummersdorf until the prototype was examined four days later.

The demonstration before Hitler himself, at his headquarters, was performed on April, 20, and was considered successful, although some problems occurred with the cooling system and brakes.

The second VK However, the second trial phase showed that the prototype was plagued with automotive problems. In June, the problems were still delaying the production.

The new schedule for deliveries by Henschel was set for June two , July thirteen , and August ten. Albert Speer, heading the Tiger program, was informed that the brake problems needed to be solved first.

Later on, in July, Henschel signaled other problems with the transmission, final drive, steering, gear, in addition to the brakes, but, at the same time, estimated a total delivery of pre-series vehicles for April In the meantime, the Hauptauschuss Panzerwagen, or main production committee for armored vehicles production, raised the monthly production of Henschel from 10 to 15 by June and 30 in August, to be met by December.

By January this was raised to 75 vehicles monthly for September , and a planned for April But all these figures proved over-optimistic.

Eventually, the eight produced in August were sent near Leningrad with Heeresgruppe Nord. They first saw action on September, 16, showing teething problems with their transmission.

New parts had to be manufactured and sent for replacement, which further extended the production delays. However, by December, all these problems were solved, and by early , the monthly delivery rate was reached, with 35 in January, 32 in February, 41 in March, 46 in April, 50 in May, 60 in June, 65 in July, 60 in August, and peaked to 85 in September.

But, due to shortage of parts caused by Allied bombings , this figure fell to just 50 in October, then 60 and 63 until the end of the year.

With a completely overhauled supply chain, the production rate skyrocketed to 93 in January , meeting the monthly goals for the first time in months, then 95, 96, and until May.

The orders were reduced by the summer, as the new Tiger II production was set in. The last month of production was August , and saw just 6 Tigers leaving the factory.

During these two years, many modifications were applied. It must be said also that sabotage cases were signaled in November , when steel shavings up to 12 cm 4.

H1, above deck view. Production of the chassis and final assembly was performed by Henschel, and armor components by Fried.

tiger kfz - thanks

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Kfz Tiger Video

KFZ TIGER Rundfahrt Bewertet von Puttlitz am 9. Wenn man nicht weiterweis wird sofort mit Rat und Tat geholfen. Unser Rat ist kostenlos! Schnelle Bearbeitung Ihrer Bestellung. Weitere Betriebe in der Umgebung. E Mid Production Model. Tiger I Early Version. Werkstatt bewerten Werkstatt eintragen Markenübersicht Serviceübersicht. Einfach nur eine super freundliche und Kompetente Werkstatt. Die Technik und das Werkzeug sind sauber und im besten Zustand und selbst bei schwierigen Problemen ist stets das passende Werkzeug vor Ort. Die Darstellung dieser Website in fremden Frames ist nur mit schriftlicher Erlaubnis zulässig. Astra 1,7 cdti Weitere Angaben: In diesem Fall können jedoch auf diversen Websites nicht sämtliche Funktionen uneingeschränkt nutzbar sein. Der erste Eindruck war klasse Die Hauptursache vorzeitiger Abnutzung im Servolenkungssystem ist flüssige Verunreinigung.

Kfz tiger - properties leaves

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The original engine utilised was a Although a good engine, it was underpowered for the vehicle. From the st Tiger onwards, it was replaced by the upgraded HL P45, a The engine was in V-form, with two cylinder banks set at 60 degrees.

An inertia starter was mounted on its right side, driven via chain gears through a port in the rear wall. The engine could be lifted out through a hatch on the rear hull roof.

The engine drove the front sprockets through a drivetrain connecting to a transmission in the front portion of the lower hull; the front sprockets had to be mounted relatively low as a result.

The Krupp-designed tonne turret had a hydraulic motor whose pump was powered by mechanical drive from the engine. A full rotation took about a minute.

Another new feature was the Maybach-Olvar hydraulically controlled semi-automatic pre-selector gearbox. The extreme weight of the tank also required a new steering system.

The clutch-and-brake system, typical for lighter vehicles, was retained only for emergencies. The vehicle had an eight-speed gearbox, and the steering offered two fixed radii of turns on each gear, thus the Tiger had sixteen different radii of turn.

In neutral gear, the tracks could be turned in opposite directions, so the Tiger I pivoted in place. The suspension used sixteen torsion bars , with eight suspension arms per side.

To save space, the swing arms were leading on one side and trailing on the other. Removing an inner wheel that had lost its solid rubber tire a common occurrence required the removal of up to nine other wheels first.

During the rainy period that brought on the autumn rasputitsa mud season and onwards into the winter conditions on the Eastern front , the roadwheels of a Schachtellaufwerk -equipped vehicle could also become packed with mud or snow that could then freeze.

Presumably, German engineers, based on the experience of the half tracks, felt that the improvement in off-road performance, track and wheel life, mobility with wheels missing or damaged, plus additional protection from enemy fire was worth the maintenance difficulties of a complex system vulnerable to mud and ice.

This approach was carried on, in various forms, to the Panther and the non-interleaved wheel design for the Tiger II.

The Tiger tank was too heavy for small bridges, so it was designed to ford bodies of water up to four metres 13 feet deep. This required unusual mechanisms for ventilation and cooling when underwater.

At least 30 minutes of set-up time was required, with the turret and gun being locked in the forward position, and a large snorkel tube raised at the rear.

An inflatable doughnut-shaped ring sealed the turret ring. The two rear compartments each containing a fuel tank, radiator and fans were floodable.

Only the first units were fitted with this deep fording system; all later models were capable of fording water only two metres deep. The internal layout was typical of German tanks.

Forward was an open crew compartment, with the driver and radio-operator seated at the front on either side of the gearbox. Behind them the turret floor was surrounded by panels forming a continuous level surface.

This helped the loader to retrieve the ammunition, which was mostly stowed above the tracks. Three men were seated in the turret; the loader to the right of the gun facing to the rear, the gunner to the left of the gun, and the commander behind him.

There was also a folding seat on the right for the loader. The main problem with the Tiger was that its production required considerable resources in terms of manpower and material, which led to it being expensive: Although from a technical point of view it was superior to its contemporaries, [35] the low number produced, shortages in qualified crew and the considerable fuel requirement in a context of ever shrinking resources prevented the Tiger I from having a real impact on the war.

Production of the Tiger I began in August at the factory of Henschel und Sohn in Kassel , [36] initially at a rate of 25 per month and peaking in April at per month.

In , Japan bought several specimens of German tank designs for study. Many modifications were introduced during the production run to improve automotive performance, firepower and protection.

Simplification of the design was implemented, along with cuts due to raw material shortages. In alone, at least six revisions were made, starting with the removal of the Vorpanzer frontal armour shield from the pre-production models in April.

In May, mudguards bolted onto the side of the pre-production run were added, while removable mudguards saw full incorporation in September.

Smoke discharge canisters, three on each side of the turret, were added in August In later years, similar changes and updates were added, such as the addition of Zimmerit a non-magnetic anti-mine coating , in late The humorous and somewhat racy crew manual, the Tigerfibel , was the first of its kind for the German Army and its success resulted in more unorthodox manuals that attempted to emulate its style.

Among other variants of the Tiger, a citadel, heavily armoured self-propelled rocket projector, today commonly known as the Sturmtiger , was built.

In Italy, a demolition carrier version of the Tiger I without a main gun was built by maintenance crews in an effort to find a way to clear minefields.

It is often misidentified as a BergeTiger recovery vehicle. As many as three may have been built. It carried a demolition charge on a small crane on the turret in place of the main gun.

It was to move up to a minefield and drop the charge, back away, and then set the charge off to clear the minefield. There is no verification of any being used in combat.

These tanks were Tigers with modified engines to run on either compressed Towngas gas Stadtgas System or wood gas Holzgas System.

This was due to shortages in fuel supply. They used a mixture of turreted and turretless hulls. They were used to train Tiger tank crews.

They were not used in combat. E, which was the official designation until the end of the war. Soviet ground trial testing conducted in May determined that the 8.

The tank was also immune to Soviet anti-tank rifle fire to the sides and rear. Its large calibre 8. Therefore, comparing the Tiger with the Panther, for supporting the infantry and destroying fortifications, the Tiger offered superior firepower.

It was also key to dealing with towed anti-tank guns; according to German tank commander Otto Carius:. The destruction of an antitank gun was often accepted as nothing special by lay people and soldiers from other branches.

Only the destruction of other tanks counted as a success. On the other hand, antitank guns counted twice as much to the experienced tanker.

They were much more dangerous to us. The antitank cannon waited in ambush, well camouflaged, and magnificently set up in the terrain.

Because of that, it was very difficult to identify. It was also very difficult to hit because of its low height. We were often hit right away, if the antitank crew was on top of things, because we had run into a wall of antitank guns.

It was then advisable to keep as cool as possible and take care of the enemy, before the second aimed shot was fired.

Eager to make use of the powerful new weapon, Hitler ordered the vehicle be pressed into service months earlier than had planned.

Many of these early models were plagued by problems with the transmission, which had difficulty handling the great weight of the vehicle if pushed too hard.

It took time for drivers to learn how to avoid overtaxing the engine and transmission, and many broke down. The most significant event from this engagement was that one of the Tigers became stuck in swampy ground and had to be abandoned.

Captured largely intact, it enabled the Soviets to study the design and prepare countermeasures. The rd Heavy Panzer Battalion was deployed to the Don Front in the autumn of , but arrived too late to participate in Operation Winter Storm , the attempt to relieve Stalingrad.

It was subsequently engaged in heavy defensive fighting in the Rostov-on-Don and adjacent sectors in January and February The Tigers were hit by a number of M3 Lee tanks firing at a range of 80 to metres.

Two of the Lees were knocked out in this action. On 11 April , a Tiger I destroyed three M4 Sherman tanks and an armoured car advancing on a road.

For this reason, the Tiger was built with water tight hatches and a snorkel device that allowed it to ford water obstacles four metres deep.

Another weakness was the slow traverse of the hydraulically operated turret. Due to reliability problems with the Maybach HL TRM P45, which was delivered within the first production batch of Tigers, performance for its maximum power output at high gear ratio could not be fulfilled.

The engine limitation was alleviated only by the adoption of the Maybach HL This was not recommended for normal operation, and was discouraged in training.

Thus, despite the Tiger being nearly twice as heavy, its speed was comparatively respectable. Tiger I tanks needed a high degree of support.

It required two or sometimes three of the standard German Sd. Tiger crews often resorted to using another Tiger to tow the damaged vehicle, but this was not recommended as it often caused overheating and engine breakdown.

The low-mounted sprocket limited the obstacle clearance height. The tracks also had a tendency to override the rear sprocket, resulting in immobilisation.

If a track overrode and jammed, two Tigers were normally needed to tow the tank. The jammed track was also a big problem itself, since due to high tension, it was often impossible to split the track by removing the track pins.

The track sometimes had to be blown apart with a small explosive charge. Tigers were usually employed in separate heavy tank battalions schwere Panzer-Abteilung under army command.

These battalions would be deployed to critical sectors, either for breakthrough operations or, more typically, counter-attacks. The Tiger was originally designed to be an offensive breakthrough weapon, but by the time it went into action, the military situation had changed dramatically, and its main use was on the defensive, as a mobile anti-tank and infantry gun support weapon.

As a result, there are almost no instances where a Tiger battalion went into combat at anything close to full strength. Against the Soviet and Western Allied production numbers, even a These numbers must be set against the opportunity cost of the expensive Tiger.

The British had observed the gradual increase in German AFV armour and firepower since and had anticipated the need for more powerful anti-tank guns.

Work on the Efforts were hastened to get cruiser tanks armed with pounder guns into operation. The Sherman Firefly , armed with the pounder, was a notable success even though it was only intended to be a stopgap design.

Fireflies were successfully used against Tigers; in one engagement, a single Firefly destroyed three Tigers in 12 minutes with five rounds.

Five different pounder-armed British designs saw combat during the war: In the British introduced an APDS round for the pounder, which increased penetration performance considerably.

A small number of Ts were again fitted with a tank version of the ZiS-2, the ZiS-4, but it could not fire an adequate high-explosive round, making it an unsuitable tank gun.

Firing trials of the new 85 mm D-5T also had proved disappointing. There was a short production run of KV tanks, which were sent to the front beginning in September with production ending by December It also matched the firepower of the heavier IS tank in a more cost effective package resulting in a repeat of the events which heralded the decline of KV-1 production.

The SU was intended to be a close-support gun for use against German fortifications rather than armour; however, it shared among the later fielded ISU, the nickname Zveroboy "beast killer" , for its rare ability to knock out German heavy tanks.

How will their effort stack up against the opposition? Pay attention at the back The King Tiger, or Tiger II as it was officially named, was the successor to the equally renowned Tiger I, and combined elements of that tank, but added a sloped hull design reminiscent of the Panther medium tank.

It was a real beast of a tank, weighing in at 80 tons, and armed with the infamous 88mm gun. Developed and manufactured by Henschel, the tank entered front line service in , and first saw limited use in the aftermath of the D-Day landings.

The development of a heavy tank had begun a few years earlier with proposals from both Henschel and Porsche, with Henschel winning the final contract.

The turrets for both of these designs were produced by the Krupp company, with their initial version having a rounded profile at the front, which resulted in a prominent shot trap where an incoming round could get trapped, rather than being deflected.

The King Tiger was heavily armoured, with up to mm on the turret front, and as such was essentially impervious to just about anything the Allies could throw at it.

The kit comes in a fairly compact but sturdy box, with very attractive artwork adorning the top, that somehow reminds me of old Tamiya box art.

It certainly helps convey the impression of a high-quality product. There are 12 sprues in total, 10 in a rather fetching dark red, one in grey and one in clear, all of which are individually bagged, with the clear sprue having an additional film wrapping for extra protection.

The moulding quality is lovely, with pin sharp details, virtually no mould lines to clean up, and no sign of flash, sink marks or awkwardly placed ejector pin marks.

Yes, you read that right! Link and lengths tracks! Finally, a manufacturer who acknowledges that not every modeller wants to spend half a lifetime cleaning up and glueing together runs of individual links.

For those who do enjoy that particular form of torture, the aforementioned indi track set will be available for your masochistic pleasures. I defy anyone to say that the detail on the track lengths is any less than it would be if they were formed from individual links.

Meng has even included a jig on sprue E to help you set the sag at either end of the upper track run. Very nice bolt detail on the road wheels.

These attach to the hull with just the exterior axle and swing arm. There are no internal torsion bars or working suspension, which will speed up the build considerably.

Again, if you want working suspension, you can get this with the workable track set. This sprue holds the one-piece side skirts, engine deck panels and hull mounted tools.

Meng has provided the tow cables as moulded parts. These are infinitely better that the lengths of string that Meng often include in their kits for this purpose, but you could also swap these for copper wire if you prefer.

Sprue D holds the bulk of the parts for the upper hull. Meng has moulded the hull roof in separate parts so, if you decide to get the interior set, you can easily display it by leaving off the panels of your choice.

Meng has given most of the exterior surfaces of the hull and turret a subtle, but very realistic rolled steel texture. Some very nice renditions of the hull tools too.

The last of the main red sprues holds the turret roof, machine gun, some of the hatches, and various other hull and turret details.

The armoured exhaust shields have a fantastic pitted cast texture which, like the hull texture, will need careful painting to avoid losing the effect.

This sprue shows off some of the amazing mouldings that Meng have achieved with this kit.

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